Gestalt psychology emphasizesQuestion 1 options:observable, objective reactions.the introspective technique.emotional causes of behavior.the basic human tendency to organize our perceptions.

Question 1 (1 point)

Question 1 UnsavedGestalt psychology emphasizesQuestion 1 options:observable, objective reactions.the introspective technique.emotional causes of behavior.the basic human tendency to organize our perceptions.Save

Question 2 (1 point)

Question 2 UnsavedSuppose that you are writing a paper about cognitive processes in people who are depressed. Which of the following topics would be most relevant for your paper?Question 2 options:Observations of social interactions between people with depression.The effects of vitamin supplements on the activity level of people with depression.The ability to remember people’s names of people with depression.The relationship between childhood experiences and current adjustment in people with depression.Save

Question 3 (1 point)

Question 3 UnsavedJohn is reading his Cognitive Psychology textbook. He notices that his stomach is grumbling, but he thinks, “I will finish this section of the chapter and then go to lunch.” John’s thought illustrates the cognitive process of _______.Question 3 options:pattern recognition.memory.imagery.decision making.Save

Question 4 (1 point)

Question 4 UnsavedWhich of the following statements is correct?Question 4 options:A reflex such as a knee-jerk reflex is an example of cognition.Cognition refers to the acquisition and retrieval of knowledge, but not the use of that knowledge.”Cognitive psychology” is sometimes used as a synonym for “cognition.”Cognitive psychology emphasizes mental processes that are easily observable.Save

Question 5 (1 point)

Question 5 UnsavedA cognitive psychologist who analyzes a cognitive task in terms of a series of stages—like the way a computer operates—is using which of the following approaches?Question 5 options:the information-processing approachthe introspection approachthe gestalt approachthe parallel distributed processing approachSave

Question 6 (1 point)

Question 6 UnsavedSuppose that you meet a professor who is trying to determine what portions of the brain are involved in trying to recall a word that is on the tip of your tongue. This person is likely to use the approach ofQuestion 6 options:artificial intelligence.cognitive neuroscience.gestalt psychologybehaviorism.Save

Question 7 (1 point)

Question 7 UnsavedOne component of your general knowledge focuses on semantic memory. Which of the following would be an example of semantic memory?Question 7 options:your ability to create a mental imageyour ability to add several three-digit numbers togethera strategy you use to memorize important material for a testyour knowledge that the word “bear” is similar to the word “lion”Save

Question 8 (1 point)

Question 8 UnsavedSuppose that you look up from this exam, and you immediately perceive a scene that includes students, desks, and classroom walls.  In order to perceive it quickly, you are probably usingQuestion 8 options:serial processing.parallel processing.ecological validity.metacognition.Save

Question 9 (1 point)

Question 9 UnsavedAn operational definition is most
likely toQuestion 9 options:describe precisely how the researchers will measure a particular concept.examine the correlation between two well-established variables.point out alternative explanations for the results of a study.adopt an information-processing approach, rather than a behaviorist approach.Save

Question 10 (1 point)

Question 10 UnsavedAn important feature of cognitive science is that it emphasizesQuestion 10 options:individual differences in interdisciplinary approach.that all mental processes should be explained in biological terms.that researchers should focus on personality characteristics.Save

Question 11 (1 point)

Question 11 UnsavedWhich of the following early approaches to psychology developed the idea of insight when people solve problems?Question 11 options:introspectionismthe gestalt approachbehaviorismEbbinghaus and his followersSave

Question 12 (1 point)

Question 12 UnsavedWhich of the following statements best captures the scope of cognition?Question 12 options:Cognition includes every internal experience that humans have.We use cognition when we acquire, store, transform, and use knowledge.Cognition primarily emphasizes higher mental processes, such as problem solving and decision making.Cognition is more concerned with visible actions, such as motor activities, than with activities that cannot be seen by an outside observer.Save

Question 13 (1 point)

Question 13 UnsavedAccording to the discussion in this unit’s reading, behaviorism places the most emphasis onQuestion 13 options:interpersonal relationships.observable activities.unconscious emotions.mental processes.Save

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